The increasing number of major hurricanes hitting the Texas coast has raised alarms for residents and leaders in the area for years, and a recent joint study by the state and federal government has developed projects to mitigate those threats. According to Community Impact, the Army Corps of Engineers and the Texas General Land Office released the Coastal Texas Study, which plans $26.2 billion in local projects in and around Galveston Island, the Bolivar Peninsula and Galveston Bay. “Coastal gates”, which are mechanized barriers that lift from the seafloor to reduce the impact of storm surges, would be placed between Galveston Island and the Bolivar Peninsula. The plan also involves constructing miles of beaches and sand dunes along Galveston Island and the Bolivar Peninsula; creating a ring barrier system of various defenses around Galveston Island; building gate systems and pumps at Clear Lake and Dickinson Bay; and conducting “nonstructural improvements,” such as home elevations, along the west side of the bay. Once completed, officials have said all of the projects would reduce damage to structures during an 100-year storm by 77 percent, with a 66-percent reduction in flooded critical infrastructures. The U.S. Congress will consider the study in the summer, and if funding is approved, the project will begin starting in 2023, and will take between 12 and 20 years to complete.